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The Supreme Court of the United States

United States Supreme Court Building, One First Street NE., Washington, DC 20543

202-479-3000
http://www.supremecourt.gov

MEMBERS

MEMBERS
CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE UNITED STATES John G. Roberts, Jr.

Associate Justice Clarence Thomas
Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Associate Justice Stephen G. Breyer
Associate Justice Samuel A. Alito, Jr.
Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor
Associate Justice Elena Kagan
Associate Justice Neil M. Gorsuch
Associate Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh
https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

OFFICERS

OFFICERS
COUNSELOR TO THE CHIEF JUSTICE Jeffrey P. Minear

Clerk Scott S. Harris
Court Counsel Ethan V. Torrey
Curator Catherine E. Fitts
Director of Information Technology Robert J. Hawkins
Librarian Linda S. Maslow
Marshal Pamela Talkin
Public Information Officer Kathleen L. Arberg
Reporter of Decisions Christine L. Fallon

Article III, section 1, of the Constitution of the United States provides that "[t]he judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish."

The Supreme Court of the United States was created in accordance with this provision and by authority of the Judiciary Act of September 24, 1789 (1 Stat. 73). It was organized on February 2, 1790. Article III, section 2, of the Constitution defines the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court comprises the Chief Justice of the United States and such number of Associate Justices as may be fixed by Congress, which is currently fixed at eight (28 U.S.C. 1). The President nominates the Justices with the advice and consent of the Senate. Article III, section 1, of the Constitution further provides that "[t]he Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office."

In the performance of its functions, the Court is assisted by nine court officers: the Clerk, the Counselor to the Chief Justice, the Court Counsel, the Curator, the Director of Information Technology, the Librarian, the Marshal, the Public Information Officer, and the Reporter of Decisions.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/about.aspx

Appellate Jurisdiction

Various statutes, derived from the authority that the Constitution has given to Congress, confer appellate jurisdiction upon the Supreme Court. The basic statute effective at this time in conferring and controlling jurisdiction of the Supreme Court may be found in 28 U.S.C. 1251, 1253, 1254, 1257-1259, and various special statutes. Congress has no authority to change the original jurisdiction of this Court.

Court Term

The term of the Court begins on the first Monday in October and lasts until the first Monday in October of the next year. Over the course of a term, approximately 10,000 petitions are filed for cases to be briefed before the Court. Moreover, each year, about 1,200 applications that can be acted upon by a single Justice while serving in the capacity of a Circuit Justice are filed.

http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/procedures.aspx

Rulemaking

From time to time, Congress has conferred upon the Supreme Court power to prescribe rules of procedure to be followed by the lower courts of the United States.

Sources of Information

Art Collections

The Supreme Court has been acquiring artwork since the 1830s. Today, it continues to add to its three collections of decorative art, fine art, and graphic art. These collections include antique furniture, busts, engravings, historic furnishings, lithographs, miniatures, photographs, and portraits.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/historicCollections.aspx

Audio Recordings of Oral Arguments

Recordings of oral arguments become publicly accessible at the end of each argument week. A listener has the option to download the audio files or to hear the arguments on the Supreme Court’s website. Recordings are listed by case name, docket number, and the date of oral argument.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/oral_arguments/argument_audio/2018

Calendars / Lists

Supreme Court calendars and argument calendars, as well as day call and hearing lists, are posted in Portable Document Format (PDF) for viewing and downloading.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/oral_arguments/calendarsandlists.aspx

Career Opportunities

The Supreme Court posts vacancy announcements online. It also has programs for docents, fellows, and interns.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/jobs/jobs.aspx

Chief and Associate Justices

A Chief Justices list and Associate Justices list are available on the "Justices 1789 to Present" web page. The lists include all of the Justices who have served on the Supreme Court.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/members_text.aspx

A timeline of Chief and Associate Justices is also available.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/members.aspx

Constitutional Interpretation

See the cornerstone address of Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes: "The Republic Endures and This Is the Symbol of Its Faith."

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/constitutional.aspx

Docket Search

The online docket database contains information on the status of cases filed since the beginning of the 2001 Term.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/docket/docket.aspx

The engrossed dockets from 1791 to 1995 have been scanned by the National Archives from its microfilm collection and are available in its catalog.

https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1524561

Exhibitions

The Office of the Curator creates exhibitions to highlight the work and history of the Nation's highest court, the lives of individual Justices, and the architecture of the Supreme Court building. Exhibitions are self-guided and located on the ground floor of the building.

http://www.supremecourt.gov/visiting/exhibition.aspx

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The Supreme Court posts answers to FAQs online.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/faq.aspx

The Public Information Office has answered questions that reporters often ask in its "Reporter’s Guide to Applications Pending Before The Supreme Court of the United States."

https://www.supremecourt.gov/publicinfo/reportersguide.pdf | Email: pio@supremecourt.gov

Gift Shop

The Supreme Court Historical Society Gift Shop is accessible online and located on the ground floor of the Supreme Court building. Merchandise ranges from books, folders, statues, and woven throws to jewelry, learning games, scarves, ties, and writing instruments. The shop is open Monday–Friday, from 9 a.m. to 4:25 p.m., excluding Federal Holidays. Phone, 888-539-4438.

http://supremecourtgifts.org/ | Email: giftshop@supremecourthistory.org

History

The Supreme Court Historical Society, a private nonprofit organization, collects and preserves the history of the Supreme Court. Incorporated in the District of Columbia in 1974, its founder Chief Justice Warren E. Burger served as the first honorary chairman. The Society is headquartered in the Opperman House in Washington, DC, where it maintains The Goldman Library. The books housed therein comprise one of the finest collections of Court histories, Justices' writings, and judicial biographies. The library also has materials relating to U.S. attorneys general, solicitors, and Presidents.

http://supremecourthistory.org/index.html

Indigent Petitioners

The “Guide for Filing In Forma Pauperis Cases" assists litigants who may lack the financial resources to pay the filing fee or to submit booklet-format documents under Court Rule 33.1.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/guideforIFPcases2017.pdf

Links

The Supreme Court's website has links to other Internet sources of information on the Federal Government, the Judiciary, and the Supreme Court.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/links/links.aspx

Minutes of the Court

The "Journal of the Supreme Court" contains the official minutes. It reflects the disposition of each case, identifies the court whose judgment is under review, lists the cases argued that day and the attorneys who presented oral argument, contains miscellaneous announcements by the Chief Justice from the bench, and names the attorneys who have been admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/orders/journal.aspx

Press Releases

Press releases are posted online.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/publicinfo/press/pressreleases.aspx

Search Tips

Use the search tips to refine a search and find more specific results on the Supreme Court's website.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/search_help.aspx

Site Map

The site map allows visitors to look for specific information or to browse content that aligns with their interests.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/sitemap.aspx

Slip Opinions

Slip opinions are posted within minutes after the Justices issue their opinions. They remain posted until the opinions for the entire term are published in the bound volumes of the "United States Reports." A slip opinion comprises the majority or principal opinion, concurring or dissenting opinions, and a prefatory syllabus summarizing the decision.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/slipopinion/18

Speeches

Speeches of current and former Supreme Court Justices are available online.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/publicinfo/speeches/speeches.aspx

Visiting the Court

The Supreme Court building is open to the public Monday–Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m, excluding Federal holidays.

http://www.supremecourt.gov/visiting/visiting.aspx

Maps and brochures are available online. The visitors' guide and map are available in translation: Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/visiting/mapsandbrochures.aspx
http://www.supremecourt.gov/contact/contactus.aspx | Email: pio@supremecourt.gov

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