United Nations, New York, NY 10017
United Nations Office at Geneva: Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
United Nations Office at Vienna: Vienna International Centre, P.O. Box 500, A–1400, Vienna, Austria
Washington, DC: United Nations Information Centre, Suite 500, 1775 K Street NW., Washington, DC 20006
http://www.unicwash.org | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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| SECRETARY–GENERAL ||António Guterres |
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| Deputy Secretary-General ||Amina J. Mohammed |
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| Director-General, United Nations Office at Geneva ||Michael Møller |
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| Director-General, United Nations Office at Vienna ||Yury Fedotov |
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| Director, Washington DC Information Centre ||Mary Kirtley Waters |
The above list of key personnel was updated 4–2019.
The above list of key personnel was updated 4–2019.
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The United Nations supports tolerance and peaceful coexistence among the nations; seeks to maintain peace and security among them; opposes the use of armed force, except in the common interest; and promotes the economic and social advancement of all peoples.
The United Nations is an international organization that was set up in accordance with the Charter drafted by governments represented at the Conference on International Organization meeting at San Francisco. The Charter was signed on June 26, 1945, and came into force on October 24, 1945, when the required number of ratifications and accessions had been made by the signatories. Amendments increasing membership of the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council came into effect on August 31, 1965.
The United Nations now consists of 193 member states, of which 51 are founding members.
The purposes of the United Nations set out in the Charter are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character and in promoting respect for human rights; and to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.
The principal organs of the United Nations are the Economic and Social Council, General Assembly, International Court of Justice, Secretariat, Security Council, and Trusteeship Council.http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/overview/index.html
Economic and Social Council
This organ is responsible, under the authority of the General Assembly, for the economic and social programs of the United Nations. Its functions include making or initiating studies, reports, and recommendations on international economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related matters; promoting respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all; calling international conferences and preparing draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly on matters within its competence; negotiating agreements with the specialized agencies and defining their relationship with the United Nations; coordinating the activities of the specialized agencies; and consulting with nongovernmental organizations concerned with matters within its competence. The Council consists of 54 members of the United Nations elected by the General Assembly for 3-year terms; 18 are elected each year.
The Council usually holds two regular sessions a year. It has also held a number of special sessions.https://www.un.org/ecosoc/en
All states that are members of the United Nations are members of the General Assembly. Its functions are to consider and discuss any matter within the scope of the Charter of the United Nations and to make recommendations to the members of the United Nations and other organs. It approves the budget of the organization, the expenses of which are borne by the members as apportioned by the General Assembly.
The General Assembly may call the attention of the Security Council to situations likely to endanger international peace and security, may initiate studies, and may receive and consider reports from other organs of the United Nations. Under the "Uniting for Peace" resolution adopted by the General Assembly in November 1950, if the Security Council fails to act on an apparent threat to or breach of the peace or act of aggression because of lack of unanimity of its five permanent members, the Assembly itself may take up the matter within 24 hours—in emergency special session—and recommend collective measures, including, in case of a breach of the peace or act of aggression, use of armed force when necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security.
The General Assembly normally meets in regular annual session from September through December. It also has met in special sessions and emergency special sessions.http://www.un.org/en/ga
International Court of Justice
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It has its seat at The Hague, the Netherlands. All members of the United Nations are ipso facto parties to the Statute of the Court. Nonmembers of the United Nations may become parties to the Statute of the Court on conditions prescribed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council.
The jurisdiction of the Court comprises all cases that the parties refer to it and all matters specially provided for in the Charter of the United Nations or in treaties and conventions in force.
The Court consists of 15 judges known as members of the Court. They are elected for 9-year terms by the General Assembly and the Security Council, voting independently, and may be reelected.http://www.icj-cij.org/homepage/index.php?lang=en
The Secretariat consists of a Secretary-General and "such staff as the Organization may require." The Secretary-General, who is appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council, is the chief administrative officer of the United Nations. He acts in that capacity for the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, and the Trusteeship Council. Under the Charter, the Secretary-General "may bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter that in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security."http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/secretariat/index.html
The Security Council consists of 15 members, of which 5—the People's Republic of China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America—are permanent members. The 10 nonpermanent members are elected for 2-year terms by the General Assembly. The primary responsibility of the Security Council is to act on behalf of the members of the United Nations in maintenance of international peace and security. Measures that may be employed by the Security Council are outlined in the Charter.
The Security Council, together with the General Assembly, also elects the judges of the International Court of Justice and makes a recommendation to the General Assembly on the appointment of the Secretary-General of the organization.
The Security Council first met in London on January 17, 1946, and is so organized as to be able to function continuously.http://www.un.org/en/sc
The Trusteeship Council was initially established to consist of any member states that administered trust territories, permanent members of the Security Council that did not administer trust territories, and enough other nonadministering countries elected by the General Assembly for 3-year terms to ensure that membership would be equally divided between administering and nonadministering members. Under authority of the General Assembly, the Council considered reports from members administering trust territories, examined petitions from trust territory inhabitants, and provided for periodic inspection visits to trust territories.
With the independence of Palau, the last remaining United Nations trust territory, the Trusteeship Council formally suspended operations after nearly half a century. The Council will henceforth meet only on an extraordinary basis, as the need may arise.http://www.un.org/en/decolonization/trusteeship.shtml
Sources of Information
An alphabetical index is available on the United Nations' website to help visitors search for specific topics or browse content that aligns with their interests.http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-website/site-index/index.html
United Nations Secretariat staff members work in a dynamic, multicultural environment that fosters a broader understanding of countries and cultures worldwide. The United Nations welcomes applications from nationals of all of its Member States and encourages women to apply.http://www.un.org/en/sections/resources/job-seekers/index.html
While speaking at the United Nations, Secretary-General António Guterres addressed the crisis of climate change, the demands of science to mitigate its effects, and the urgent need for leaders to act with greater ambition.https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=youtu.be&v=VNe-jBVij-g&app=desktop
Democracy and Equity
The independent expert's 2018 report on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order during a 2017 mission to Venezuela and Ecuador is available online.https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G18/239/32/PDF/G1823932.pdf?OpenElement
Launched in 1993 and updated in 2016, the Official Document System (ODS) is an online database of United Nations documents that has full-text, born-digital documents published from 1993 onward. The ODS also includes scanned documents that were published between 1946 and 1993. Documents are available in the official languages of the United Nations. Some documents are also available in German.https://documents.un.org/prod/ods.nsf/home.xsp
The secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has released its "Trade and Development Report—2018." In the report's foreword, Secretary-General of UNCTAD Mukhisa Kituyi wrote: "The growing mountain of debt . . . is symbolic of [the failure to address the inequities and imbalances of a hyperglobalized world since 2008]. While the public sector in advanced economies has been obliged to borrow more since the crisis, it is the rapid growth of private indebtedness, particularly in the corporate sector, which needs to be monitored closely; this has, in the past, been a harbinger of crisis."https://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/tdr2018_en.pdf
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The United Nations posts answers to FAQs on its website.http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/frequently-asked-questions/index.html
The "Global Issues Overview" web page offers convenient access to a trove of information on aging, atomic energy, children, climate change, decolonization, democracy, food, population, refugees, water, women, and more.http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/global-issues-overview/index.html
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and a short history of this document are posted on the United Nation's website.http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights
High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet Jeria presented the United Nations Human Rights Report—2018. As part of that presentation, she explained: "At a time when humanity faced many serious challenges [including climate change, technological developments, civilian suffering in armed conflicts, displacement, youth unemployment, structural economic injustices, xenophobia and hate speech, and gross inequalities] . . . inequalities in income, wealth, access to resources, and access to justice constituted fundamental challenges to the principles of equality, dignity and human rights for every human being. . . . Even in prosperous States, people felt excluded from the benefits of development and deprived of economic and social rights, leading to alienation, unrest and sometimes violence."https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/Pages/NewsDetail.aspx?NewsID=24269&LangID=E
The Dag Hammarskjöld Library is accessible online.https://library.un.org
The United Nations Mine Action Service observes International Mine Awareness Day each year on April 4th. To hear the United Nation's global advocate's 2019 message, watch the 3-minute video.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LcWiyvxpkwE
United Nations Radio is accessible online. In addition to English, listeners may opt to hear programs in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish, and other languages.http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english
United Nations Video is accessible online and features documentaries, as well as coverage of events, news developments, and issues at the United Nations.http://www.un.org/en/sections/news-and-media/un-video/index.html
The News Centre provides breaking news coverage of developments around the United Nations system, offering quick access to news-related products and resources.http://www.un.org/News
The United Nations provides versions of its website in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish. Language options are available on the site's welcome page.http://www.un.org
A chart of the United Nations System's principal organs is available online.https://www.un.org/en/pdfs/18-00159e_un_system_chart_17x11_4c_en_web.pdf
Books, reports, and data are available from the online bookshop.https://shop.un.org
Resources by Audience
The United Nations groups information and resources on its website according to categories of people who may be interested in them. Audiences include academics, businessmen and women, delegates, job seekers, journalists, representatives of civil society, students, and visitors.http://www.un.org/en/sections/resources-different-audiences/index.html
Official United Nations social media include Facebook, Flickr, Tumblr, Twitter, YouTube, and other accounts.http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-website/un-social-media/index.html
The United Nations promotes 17 sustainable development goals to end poverty, to ensure prosperity for all people, and to protect Earth's biosphere as part of a development agenda.http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals
Systems Organizations Directory
The Charter of the United Nations established the organizations that constitute the United Nations system. The directory presents these organizations in categories with links to their web pages. Viewing these organizations in alphabetical order is also an option.https://www.unsceb.org/directory
Where We Work
The United Nations is a global organization that affects billions of people. It and the components comprising the United Nations system have a worldwide presence to ensure that timely assistance can reach people who most need it. The activities of the United Nations are divided into five geographical regions: Africa, Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Europe and Central Asia, and the Middle East. An overview of each area and links to relevant offices, agencies, and programs are available on the "Where We Work" web page.http://www.un.org/en/sections/where-we-work/index.html